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Brijuni

About Brijuni

Brijuni Islands are a group of 14 islands and are located along the south-western coast of Istria, near Pula, with total area of ​​7 km2. Brijuni represent a blend of blue turquoise sea and the green islands with its bays and hills covered with white Istrian stone. Islands are considered to be one of the most beautiful archipelagos in the Mediterranean. Brijuni were declared a national park in 1983. The present boundaries of the National Park Brijuni were established in 1999. Boundaries include the land and the surrounding sea with underwater with total area of ​​33.9 km2. The most indented islands are Big Brijuni (25.9 km2) and Small Brijuni (8.3 km2).

National Park Brijuni Islands include: Big Brijuni, Small Brijuni, St. Mark, Gaz, Okrugljak, Kote, Gaul, Grunj, Vanga (Krasnica), Pusti (Madona), Vrsar, St. Jerolim and Kozada. Since the beginning of the century, Islands are a popular tourist destination of world statesmen and today are big tourist attraction .Brijuni are known for their political activities of Marshal Josip Broz Tito, president of the former Yugoslavia, who first arrived on island 1947. Brijuni were Tito’s summer residence. Today in Tito’s museum, walls are covered with photos of smiling popular actors, musicians and presidents. Brijuni National Park is congress destination for international and domestic conferences.

Banquets, gala dinners, cocktails, dance evenings with disco or live music, exhibitions, concerts and special musical programs are taking place on islands. Islands features film screenings in summer theatre. Brijuni Islands are known for preserved Mediterranean vegetation, so there are forests of holm oak and laurel, conifer plantations, such as holly bushes and bearberry. The biggest attraction is 1600 years old olive tree that stills bears fruit.

On the largest island of the Great Brijuni there is Landscape Park with lots of eucalyptus, Lebanese cedar, bamboo and palm trees. Besides the animals that range in nature there is a safari park which was established in 1978. Live wild animals such as deers, pheasants, peacocks, mouflon, elephants, llamas, Somali sheep and antelope live on island. There are also native animals such as the Istrian cattle, Istrian sheep and donkeys.

The Brijuni archipelago is significant marine park in which are contained the root elements of the eco-system of the Adriatic. The underwater world is inhabited by several species of sponges, sea urchins, fish and crabs. There are endemic species like brown algae, Adriatic wrack tunicate and Adriatic gypsy. Some species are protected by law as a periska (Pina nobilis) and shellfish (Lithophaga). Sea of Brijuni is inhabited by turtles and dolphins.