Split is the most important political, social, cultural and economic centre of Dalmatia. It is the second largest city in Croatia, the largest city in
Dalmatia, Croatia’s second largest port and third port on the Mediterranean by the number of passengers. The city is the centre of Croatian Navy and
the archdiocese. City Day is celebrated on the 7th of May to commemorate the city’s patron St. Dujam, Bishop of Salona, the martyr of 304 year. Split
is situated on the Adriatic coast in Dalmatia in Marjan peninsula. Marjan peninsula is surrounded by the islands of Brac, Hvar, Solta and Ciovo
The city is surrounded by mountains and hills. From the north and northeast is a mountain Mosor, to northwest hill Kozjak, to the east is hill Perun and west of the old town is a hill Marjan. Split is more than 1700 years old, but there are archaeological sites that confirm that on the Split site there was earlier Greek and Illyrian settlement. The city was founded in 295 when Emperor Diocletian began construction of Diocletian’s Palace in the in the outer bay peninsula that slopes down towards the sea.
The palace was a real small town built on the model of a Roman military camp, surrounded by high defensive walls with towers. Emperors Palace is considered one of the most important parts of an ancient culture. West from the palace is the famous Republic Square or Prokurative – beautiful Mediterranean square in the centre of Split. It is known as a stage for cultural events in the city of Split.
The centre of urban life in Split is the Marmont Street, which represents a memory of the short-lived French rule. In front of Golden gate there is a monument of Gregory of Nin, 6 feet tall monument. One of the favourite meeting places of the citizens of Split is Peskarija, the only fish market in the world without a fly because it was built next to the living source of sulphur, with the city spa in Marmont Street. Bazaar is situated next to Diocletian palace, a market where vendors offer their products from nearby islands, Split hinterland and the city itself.
Hill Marjan is a popular city promenade with overwhelming view of the city, harbour surrounding countryside and numerous seaside promenades. Marjan institutions are known around the world. Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries is located at the cape of Marjan hill, established in 1930. Of particular interests are Natural History Museum and zoo, founded in 1924.
Split is a sport city with swimming pools, jogging trails, beaches and trails for walking. It is host city for a series of major sporting events. Most clubs can commend with number of national and international titles. From Split came the recognized world athletes, holders of gold medals from the Olympics world and European championships. In the city you can engage in all kinds of sports.