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National Park Plitvice

National Park Plitvice

National Park Plitvice Lakes is the largest, oldest and most visited park in Croatia. It is one of the most beautiful sights in Europe. It represents a forested mountain area in which there are 16 large and many small lakes, between Mala Kapela and Pljesivice, in the source area of the river Korana, in Lika.

Origin of lakes is linked with the formation of the travertine barriers, which were used to reconstruct first valleys, after the Pleistocene era. Numerous waterfalls and cascades overflows into water over barriers from higher to lower lakes. The park consists of 16 lakes. On the south side of park, Upper lakes are predominantly consisted of dolomite, and Lower Lakes in the north are consisted of the limestone rocks.

The Upper lakes are: Proscansko, Ciginovac, Okrugljak, Batinovac, Big Lake, Little Lake, Vir, Galovac, Milino Lake, Gradinsko Lake, Big Burget, Kozjak. Lower Lakes are: Milanovac, Gavanovac, Kaluderovac and Novakovic Brod. On the Upper Lakes there are several small lakes arranged in parallel, with small flow of water. The Lower Lakes are much larger and have formed the Canyon of the Korana River.

More than three-quarters of the park is covered with forest (beech), fir and pine. Rest of park is covered with green lawns and meadows. Many rare and protected plant species grow in the park, such as Kamenka, Tisa and Mountain Bozur. Beech rainforest is situated in the north-western part of the park. In every corner of the park, lies the home of many birds, butterflies and wildlife. The most interesting are permanent residents – bears, wolves and otters. The brown bear is certainly the most attractive species in National Park, and it is considered as symbol of the park. You might also see foxes, squirrels, skunks, rabbits, wild boars, deer, roe deer and lake trout.

Apart from the lakes and forest, Plitvice Lakes National Park is known for many caves. Cave Golubnjaca (145m) and Supljara (68m) are opened for visitors above the lake Kaluderovac. There are other caves like Dark cave and cave Villa Jezerkinje. Well known pits include Cudinka or Vrsic pit. Bats live in caves. The Park has registered 1267 different plant species. In Rodic cave you can found a new species of insect -Molops plitvicensis, which is endemic and not found anywhere in the world. Also in this cave you can found remains of cave bears.

Kilometres of touring trails are complemented with wooden bridges. Organized tours, tourist trains and electric boats take place on biggest Lake Kozjak. In the park there are restaurants, hotels, parking lots, post office, bus station and ambulance. Plitvice Lakes National Park was included in the UNESCO list of protected natural heritage.