Public holidays in Croatia
New Year’s Day (1.1)
New Year’s Day is the oldest holiday. It was first celebrated in Babylonia 4,000 years ago. Since then, many customs have changed and people have been celebrating New Year around the world in different ways. New Year is the first day of the calendar (the first January). Celebration starts on last days of old year (December 31). At every major city squares people celebrate with fireworks, singing and dancing.
Epiphany is a Christian holiday that celebrates the revelation of God to humanity, and the human form in the person of Jesus Christ. The feast was started to celebrate in the end of the 4th century. Church also celebrates the three wise men that came to worship the newly born King of the Jews. The Son of God was revealed to three kings from the East, who was a royal, to spread good news to all corners of the country. The three kings were called Gaspar, Melchior and Balthazar.
Easter (Sunday following the first full moon after the spring equinox)
Easter is the biggest and most important Christian holiday. Christians celebrate one of the central dogmas of faith – the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Easter is celebrated on the Sunday following the first full moon after the spring equinox. Therefore, Easter can be between March 21 and April 25. The week before Easter is called Holy Week. This week is the culmination of Lent, through which Christians prepare to celebrate the biggest holiday of Easter. Lent lasts 40 days and is characterized by a quiet, peace and remorse.
Holy Week begins with Palm Sunday, celebration of Jesus’s glorious entry into Jerusalem. People bring olive branches in the church. Holy Week includes Maundy Thursday, Friday and Saturday before Easter Sunday. According to Christian belief, Jesus Christ was convicted on Thursday, crucified on Friday and resurrected on Sunday.
Eastern Monday (Day after Eastern)
Easter Monday follows Easter Sunday.
Labour Day (1.5)
Labour Day is an international holiday that is celebrated as a memorial to the great protests held in Chicago on May 1, 1886th year when many workers were killed in clash with police. Eight more workers were sentenced to death. In demonstrations, workers were demanding right for eight-hour working time. May 1 as International Workers’ Day commemorates from the 1889th year.
Corpus Christi (ninth Thursday after Easter)
Corpus Christi is public holiday established as a memorial to the formation of the Eucharist. At first it was called the feast of the Eucharist. It is the holiday that the government led by the SDP (Social Democratic Party) in 2001, after “interparty trade” has declared for public holiday. Corpus Christi is a special holiday dedicated to the celebration of the Blessed Sacrament (Eucharist occurred on Holy Thursday). It was founded in the 13th century and spread on the entire west Christianity in the 14th century. One of the distinguishing external features of Corpus Christi is procession which has a message that the Eucharist belongs to the centre of the world. It is the sacrament of solidarity, peace, unity and love.
Anti-fascist Day (22.6)
Anti-fascist Day is the national holiday of the Republic of Croatia, which is celebrated on June 22. It is celebrated in memory from June 22 in 1941, when in Brnovic forest near Sisak, first partisan unit was established which was the first anti-Hitler troop in the former occupied Europe. Public holiday is celebrated from the time when Croatia gained independence.
Statehood Day (25.6)
Statehood Day of the Republic of Croatia is a holiday that is celebrated on June 25th at the day when the 1991st year, the Croatian Parliament adopted the Constitutional Act on the independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia, declaring Croatia as autonomous and independent state.
Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day (5.8)
This Public holiday is celebrated on August 5, each year as a memorial to the Croatian victory in the war. On that date, the 1995th year, Croatian Army liberated the occupied town of Knin, in the military-police operation Storm. In the operation, 18.4% of the total Croatian territory was freed.
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (15.8)
Assumption is the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into heaven. It is celebrated on 15th of August. The doctrine of the Assumption of Mary was proclaimed by Pope Pius XII November 1, 1950. Year. This is preceded by a long tradition nearly as old as Christianity itself. The feast is celebrated in many countries, mainly in Europe and South America. In that time, many processions and festivals are held.
Independence Day (8.10)
Independence Day is a holiday that is celebrated in Croatia on October 8. On that day, 1991st, the Croatian Parliament decided to terminate the state-legal relations with other republics and provinces of Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia). Parliament decided that Croatia is no longer considered a legitimate and lawful body of former Yugoslavia and not to take into account, any valid legal act of any body that acts on behalf of the former federation. In the dramatic days of the war, the Croatian Parliament unanimously adopted a resolution to break all connections with Yugoslavia. Main reason was will of the people, in a referendum, and the decision from June on their sovereignty and independence.
All Saints (1.11)
In the calendar of the Catholic Church, All Saints are celebrated as a feast which glorifies all the saints, those who have been canonized and those who have not. Among the nations this public holiday is usually associated by visiting cemeteries and remembrance of the dead. Yet in the Church, All Souls’ Day is commemorating the day later.
Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. Christmas is celebrating in many countries of the world and in Croatia. Together with Easter and Pentecost, is considered as one of the three largest Christian holidays. Christmas time lasts from Christmas until Sunday after Holy Epiphany.
St. Stephen’s Day (26.12)
St. Stephen’s Day is celebrated in the Catholic Church 26 December, the second day of Christmas, and it is public holiday in many countries. Saint Stephen was the first Christian martyr. He was one of the seven deacons chosen in the early church to the Acts of the Apostles. After the death of Jesus, Stephen openly preached of Jesus’ teaching, and that students belongs to the Christian community which led to accusations of blasphemy, and finally to death by stoning. Saint Stephen is usually portrayed as a young man wearing a deacon’s dalmatic with a martyr’s palm in one hand and a stone in the other hand.