Weather in Croatia
In Croatia, the climatic conditions are favourable and moderate without temperature extremes. Moderate climate results in mild winters and hot summers. Croatia has three climate zones, moderately rainy climate in the interior, snowy-forest climate on highest peaks, and the Adriatic coast is dominated by pleasant Mediterranean climate with many sunny days.
Summers are hot and dry, and winters are mild and wet. Weather in Croatia is affected by Atlantic Ocean, west winds, air masses and auto cyclones. Iceland and Genoa cyclones are formed in autumn and winter that bring moist and unstable weather. In summer, Azores and Siberian anticyclone bring stabile and hot weather.
Parts of country situated at the foothills of mountain ranges have high rainfall, because the Alps and the Dinarides prevent further air current flow. An average of 2710 hours of sunshine annually ranks Croatia among the sunniest locations in the Mediterranean. Highest mountain peaks together with northeast Croatia have lowest insolation (amount of sun energy received on a given surface). The highest insolation have a Dalmatian islands (island Hvar – 2674 hours of sunshine) and Southern Croatia.
The islands and narrow coastal strip of the Adriatic Sea south of Losinj and Pag, i.e. island and coastal areas of Dalmatia, have a Mediterranean climate with dry and hot summer and mild and rainy winters. The average January temperature is around 6 ° C, while the average temperature in July is 23°C.
Moderately warm and humid climate with hot summers includes a wider interior of Dalmatian islands, Kvarner, Istria and other parts of Adriatic coast. Continental climate, characterized by harsh winters, a short spring and a warm and wet summer, occupies most of the Croatia – the entire Pannonia region and most of the Croatian highlands. Average temperatures in January range between -2°C and 0°C, and in July from 18°C to 22°C.
In the far east parts of country, temperatures exceed 22°C. In eastern Croatia, compared to the northwest, summer is slightly warmer and winters are colder. All the regions above 1160 meters of sea level have snowy-forest climate. Summers are short and fresh with an average July temperature from 15°C to 20°C, and winters are cold with January temperatures lower than 3°C (Dinara, Kamesnica, and Paklenica).
In total, weather in Croatia is very diverse, parts of country close to sea and islands have perfect climate for summer holidays, and interior parts have moderate continental climate, where you can enjoy winter sports.